The Border Areas Development Department was created in 1973 with a view to exclusively look after the implementation of various integrated schemes and developmental activities under the Border Areas Development Programme, coordinating with the different development Departments under this Programme and formulating plans and programmes, especially relevant to the border areas of the State. It acts as a gap-bridging Department by supplementing the schemes implemented by other Departments.
The Directorate of Border Areas Development was established in 1975 to gear up the organizational set up with a full-fledged Director with a skeletal staff and the District level Officers, namely, the Border Areas Development Officers who had been appointed and posted at various headquarters and block levels in the border areas of the State to look after the needs and requirements of the people living under their respective jurisdiction. During 1997 - 98, the technical wing was created in the Directorate of Border Areas Development Department.
Presently, the Department is having 3 Assistant Directors, 14 Border Areas Development Officers to look after the works at the ground level.
The core programme implemented by the Department is the Border Area Development Programme (BADP). BADP was a 100% centrally funded programme till 2015-16. However, since 2016-17, under the rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, BADP has been classified as Core Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) following the funding pattern of 90:10% by the Central and State Government respectively. The main objective of the programme is to meet the special developmental needs of the people living in remote and inaccessible areas situated along the International border. The schemes/works like construction/maintenance of roads, water supply, education, sports, filling gaps in infrastructure, security, organization of early childhood care and education centre, education for physically handicapped and backward sections etc. are being undertaken under the BADP. Preference is given to the villages/habitations which are closer to the border line.
The Department also implements projects sanctioned by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs under Article 275(1) of the Constitution of India, projects sanctioned by NEC. Inter-State Border Areas Development Programme (ISBADP) specifically caters to the needs of the people residing in areas bordering Assam. A few other State Plan Schemes are also implemented by this Department.